17 causes of lower abdominal pain in women

Lower abdominal pain is the most common condition that people particularly female persons suffer from on many occasions in their lives. Although the related cause for this condition might vary from person to person, but most of the causes that lead to abdominal pain are not very serious in nature.

The issue can be easily diagnosed and treated accordingly. Nevertheless, there is also the possibility that the pain that is felt in the lower abdomen can sometimes be an indication of a serious malady and that is why it is essential that it is not ignored and treated on time.

lower abdominal pain in women

Causes of lower abdominal pain in women

1.Menstrual Pain or Cramps

This is the most common cause in women of all ages. Menstruation causes contraction of the walls of uterus and it gives rise to pain. This pain may be severe in some cases and gets rectified with age. For those women who are experiencing extreme pain can take painkillers as it is also helpful to reduce the pain.

2.Premenstrual Pain

This syndrome or PMS can also cause pain as well as a lot of discomfort in lower abdomen. It is normally experienced a day or two prior to menstruation and may not be felt very severe. Pain may also be experienced on either sides of the lower abdomen at the time of ovulation.


Another reasonable cause for lower abdominal pain can be cancer. When the lower side of the abdomen is affected with cancerous growth of tissues, it produces mild to very sharp lower abdominal pain in women.

4.Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The pelvic inflammatory disease is usually a sexually transmitted disease that is also known as bacterial infection. This infection normally occurs in the vagina. It basically spreads to the tubes of fallopian tubes as well as the uterus also causing abdominal pain in your lower area. This condition actually needs to be treated simply by taking the antibiotics that are prescribed after a physical check up by the doctor.

5.Kidney Stone

Formation of stones in the kidney produces mild to severe lower abdominal pain under ribs. Sometimes, the kidney stones travel down the ureter and it then leads to lower abdominal pain.

6.Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infection is an infection of the bladder or kidney. It can cause severe lower left abdominal pain. The infection is caused by bacteria and should be treated by taking antibiotics.


Both acute and chronic constipation can give rise to both lower right and lower left abdominal pain. The pain usually comes after defecation.


Central lower abdominal pain in pregnant women perhaps a sign of a miscarriage if it is accompanied by other symptoms like spotting or bleeding or back pain.


Cholecystitis is a kind of disease which is characterized by gallbladder inflammation and swelling. This disease can be responsible for feeling pain in abdomen.


Endometriosis is a medical condition where the uterine cells move out of the uterus into other organs in the abdomen. These cells usually are responsible for menstruation and when they move out of the uterus wall, they can cause accumulation of blood in that organ. This leads to the formation of blood clots and adhesions that gives rise to pain in the abdomen.


Any kind of injury or trauma to the abdomen due to an accident, a violent act or fracture can cause pain in the lower abdomen.

12.Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy can easily be a cause of left or even right side abdominal pain. This condition can be life threatening and emergency surgery can also be required.

13.Intestinal obstruction

The contents of the intestine that pass to the lower bowel are blocked and for that reason you may feel light to severe pain in the abdomen area.


Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors or bumps that are found in the uterus and can cause severe lower abdominal pain especially during menstruation. This condition should be treated medically or else severe anemia could develop.

15.Ovarian cysts

A sac like or cyst tumor of the ovary which is generally benign can be responsible for pain in the lower side of abdomen.


This is the most common cause of right lower abdominal pain. The pain is characterized by the inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis should be treated by a simple surgical operation to get rid of the severe pain.


Salpingitis is a sexual disease which is a cause of inflamed fallopian tubes inside the vagina of females. If you are affected with this disease you can feel severe pain in the abdomen.

Home Care for women lower abdominal pain

women lower abdominal pain
women lower abdominal pain

Eating a proper healthy diet as well as drinking lots of water will facilitate to cut back adverse effects from channel infections. Carrying clean cotton undergarment and also keeping your vagina clean may facilitate.

You additionally would like to avoid sex with your partner till you’re free from adverse symptoms. Simply avoiding perfumed merchandise round the vagina, like deodorant body washes, may facilitate.

Take all the necessary medications prescribed to you for period. You additionally would like to require a pain reliever, like NSAID, to alleviate your lower abdominal pain. You may also drink lemon juice and ginger juice.

Lemon and ginger juice is very popular home remedy that can help you to get rid of your lower abdomen pain. Do not hesitate to visit your doctor if you face any kind of difficulty or severe pain in your lower abdomen.

Although in most of the cases lower abdominal pain is not a severe problem, but in some cases it may be the symptom of some life taking dangerous diseases such as cancer, ovary problems and many more.

So care should be taken if you feel such pain. It is true that the causes of lower abdomen pain in women can vary person to person. However; common causes of the lower abdominal pain will vary from relatively harmless disorders like gas or even constipation, to a very serious condition like carcinoma or even excretory organ infection.

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