Your skin takes a beating every day from pollution and UV rays, dryness and wrinkles – a good routine can strengthen it to minimize damage while simultaneously targeting specific concerns.
Start each morning and evening by using a gentle cleanser. Following up with toner helps smooth texture, and applying serum with exfoliants or retinol may accelerate cell turnover for healthier skin. Moisturizer helps hydrate and lock in all the other products applied over time.
Cleansing is one of the key steps of skin care as it removes makeup, dirt and pollutants that build up throughout the day, while simultaneously prepping skin for serums and moisturizers.
Your skin sheds dead cells throughout the night and day, so it is crucial that they are effectively washed off using an effective cleanser. A good cleanser can also help repair sun-damaged skin while diminishing fine lines.
Cleansing products range from wipes and foams to oils and balms; you should select a formula tailored specifically to your skin type. Harsh cleansers or overwashing may damage your barrier function, leaving it more susceptible to environmental stresses or irritation.
Toners are liquid skin care products used after cleansing with fingertips or cotton pads to help balance pH levels, remove makeup, oil and debris and prep the face for additional treatments like serums. Toners’ ingredients may include antioxidants (like vitamin C) and hydrators like aloe vera, cucumber extract or rose water) in addition to anti-ageing or pore clearing actives like exfoliating acids for maximum efficacy.
If you have oily skin, look for toners with astringent ingredients such as witch hazel that will reduce sebum production and prevent large pores from becoming oily. For dry or sensitive skin, select soothing toners made with non-irritating ingredients like glycerin or hyaluronic acid which won’t aggravate. Whenever possible choose alcohol-free formulations. Use daily.
Burke Williams recommends including in any effective skin care routine a moisturizer tailored specifically for your skin type, applied both in the morning and at nighttime. Moisturizer helps seal in other products you use – such as serums containing vitamin C or retinol – helping them penetrate more deeply into your skin, according to Williams.
Anti-aging skincare helps combat that dull, dry look brought on by age and environmental exposure. To meet individual skin care needs, this could include exfoliants, eye creams or face masks; but at its core is always best: having clean, clear, moisturized complexion that costs minimal amounts – but keeps its glow!
Implementing daily sunscreen applications should be part of any skin care routine, as sunscreen helps minimize UV damage, decrease skin cancer risks and delay wrinkle formation and other signs of aging. When selecting sunscreens to apply, look for broad spectrum protection against both UVA and UVB rays as well as physical or mineral sunscreens such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide for maximum efficiency.
GH Beauty Lab experts suggest layering sunscreen prior to moisturizer, since chemical SPF products should be absorbed into the skin. Physical SPF does not need to be absorbed and it should be applied before moisturizer in order to preserve its protective minerals and stay effective. If you have oily skin, consider choosing a noncomedogenic moisturizer which won’t clog your pores; and be sure to reapply sunscreen frequently, particularly after sweating or swimming.
Face serums provide concentrated ingredients not available through moisturizers and can effectively address issues like fine lines, dark spots and dullness. When selecting oily skin formulas that use salicylic acid or other astringents to balance excess oil production; when it comes to dry skin types consider products rich in hyaluronic acid and botanical oils for an anti-acne effect; for acne prone skin consider serums containing anti-inflammatory ingredients to soothe inflammation while clearing your pores of debris, or one with vitamin C and retinol which boost collagen and reverse signs of aging.
All skin types can benefit from using a hydrating, hyaluronic acid-based serum at night (and morning too!), to draw in moisture and keep their complexion plump and healthy-looking. Just make sure that you use it after cleansing, toning and moisturizer are applied – and before applying moisturizer.