Dental science, also called dentistry and dental medicine, is a field of medicine which includes the study, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and prevention of dental diseases, disorders, conditions, and injuries of the teeth and gum. In the United States, this discipline accounts for more than a quarter of total medical expenditures. Dental science is an interdisciplinary field that combines theoretical principles with application in real settings. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, dental science has been concerned with the understanding of how nature produces and provides teeth, particularly in relation to the need for nutrition, disease prevention, the aging process, the role of saliva in oral health, the relationship between oral health and the development of different diseases, the effect of tooth decay and gum disease on oral health, and the development of healthy teeth and gums. The increasing complexity of modern society and the changing habits of daily eating and brushing led to the identification and definition of different diseases and their treatments.
Dentistry mainly comprises the entire field of dental medicine which deals with the physical structure and function of the teeth, the gum, the bones and tissues surrounding the teeth, and the supporting structures such as the dentin and the periodontal ligaments. The main objective of dentistry is the prevention of tooth decay and gum disease through the prevention of disease caused by bacteria in the oral cavity. Prevention of tooth decay is accomplished through the control of disease causing organisms, the removal of diseased tissue, polishing of teeth and treating gum disease.
Dental treatments are classified into two main categories as preventative and curative. Preventive treatments are aimed at reducing the risks of tooth decay and gum disease by eliminating bacteria and other organisms through preventative measures such as regular dental visits and examination. Dental restorations are those repairs done in order to correct deformities or restore the normal function of a tooth. Cosmetic dentistry, on the other hand, focuses on the aesthetic appearance of teeth.
Dental restoration chiefly involves the replacement of missing teeth. Two types of dental restoration are dental implant and tooth root canal. Dental implant is replacing a damaged tooth with a prosthetic tooth or gum. It is done by surgical procedure and is not covered by dental insurance. Tooth root canal is performed in order to remove plaque from the root of a tooth and restore it to a working position. It is performed under general anesthesia and requires two procedures, one for the extraction of diseased tissue and another for the implantation of a prosthetic tooth.
Hygiene is the most important aspect of oral health. Regular oral check-up makes sure that your gums and teeth are clean and that there are no abnormalities in them. The most common dental problems include periodontal diseases such as gingivitis, which causes inflammation of gums that leads to tooth decay; gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis, which cause recurrence of infections; and dental bridges, which are false teeth that are used to correct birth defects. These dental conditions are dangerous and require immediate dental care. A visit to the dentist should be on the top of your list of things to do.
Missing teeth can affect a person’s confidence and self-esteem. So it is advisable that when a person has to replace a missing tooth, to see a dental specialist first because only the best dental prosthesis can restore the function of a tooth. So do not wait before you lose your teeth and get yourself into the hands of a dentist who can give you back your smile. There are many people who lost their teeth due to accidents and they still have beautiful teeth waiting for them.