Dental science, sometimes called dentistry and dental medicine, is an entire branch of medical science that includes the study, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of dental diseases, disorders, and oral problems. Oral specialists are doctors who treat patients who have tooth or gum problems. Oral surgeons are responsible for treating cases of severe gum disease. A dental hygienist is responsible for cleaning teeth and detecting oral diseases and conditions such as periodontitis. These dental professionals help to make the smile of every individual.
Dental science considers two prominent aspects in helping to prevent dental diseases and conditions: prevention and treatment. Dentists can provide preventive care by performing regular oral exams and maintaining good oral hygiene. They can remove plaque and tartar, which are the calculus of bacteria and other particles on the teeth. They can also detect various disorders and problems before they progress. Some dental treatments include filling or root canal therapy.
Since some of the most common diseases that affect humans include heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and stroke, many dentists focus on these topics in order to prevent these and other health conditions. Dentists can help to protect the general health of individuals by offering basic preventative services like regular check-ups and cleanings. They can perform heart disease screenings, screen for certain cancer risks, and develop preventative programs for patients with gum disease or oral infections.
Dental professionals can give comprehensive and basic treatment for oral problems. Dentists can remove decayed, broken, or infected teeth. By placing fillings in place to rebuild or replace lost teeth, these dentists can maintain overall health and well-being.
Healthy teeth and gums are important for overall health. A dentist can help patients maintain oral hygiene by providing tooth brushing, flossing, and mouthwash treatments. Some of these services include the use of dental sealants to prevent cavities from building up and discoloring of teeth. Using dental sealants helps to make a tooth appear white and bright in appearance when it has been stained or worn due to dryness and decay.
A good dentist will work closely with their patients to determine what treatment is best for them. Some treatments may include root canals to help remove plaque and bacteria, crowns to repair damaged teeth, or dental sealants to restore white sparkle and luster to the teeth. Some individuals may be able to get these treatments done without the help of their dentist because some fillings can be placed over the natural teeth. For those who do not have all of their natural teeth, however, it is still important to see the dentist regularly in order to ensure that the fillings are placed correctly.